The Manipulation of genetic systems in plant breeding

a Royal Society discussion
  • 209 Pages
  • 4.71 MB
  • 5561 Downloads
  • English

Royal Society, Distributed by Scholium International , London, Great Neck, N.Y
Plant breeding -- Congresses, Crops -- Genetics -- Congr
Statementorganized by H. Rees ... [et al.], held on 29 and 30 October 1980.
ContributionsRees, H. 1923-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsSB123 .M345 1981
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 209 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3145640M
ISBN 100854031650
LC Control Number82670009

Simple Selection. The easiest method of plant genetic modification (see Operational Definitions in Chapter 1), used by our nomadic ancestors and continuing today, is simple is, a genetically heterogeneous population of plants is inspected, and “superior” individuals—plants with the most desired traits, such as improved palatability and yield—are selected for continued.

Plant breeding represents the most valuable strategy in increasing our productivity in a way that is sustainable and environmentally sensitive.

Description The Manipulation of genetic systems in plant breeding EPUB

Plant breeding can rightly be considered as one of the oldest multidisciplinary subjects that is known to humans. It was practised by people who first started to carry out a settled form of agriculture. Plant Breeding Is a Numbers Game 57 Plant Breeding Is an Iterative and Collaborative Process 57 Diversity, Adaptation, and Ideotypes 58 Other Considerations 61 Objectives for Plant Breeding 62 Methods of Plant Breeding 63 Methods of Hybridization 63 Self-Pollinated Species 64 Outcrossing.

Get this from a library. The Manipulation of genetic systems in plant breeding: a Royal Society discussion. [H Rees;]. This manipulation involves either controlled pollination, genetic engineering, or both, followed by artificial selection of progeny.

Plant breeding often, but not always, leads to plant domestication. This book presents a critical appraisal of the methodologies of plant genetic manipulation for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers and plant breeders, and provides guidance on the choice of breeding options.

To promote citrus molecular breeding in Japan, a genetic mapping was initiated inand the experimental tools and resources necessary for citrus functional genomics have been developed in. The book is intended for plant breeders and other scientists interested in the analysis and manipulation of breeding material at the chromosomal level.

Comparisons with molecular and cell biological approaches are made, and the potential of the various methods is evaluated.

Details The Manipulation of genetic systems in plant breeding EPUB

The book is intended for plant breeders and other scientists interested in the analysis and manipulation of breeding material at the chromosomal level. Comparisons with molecular and cell biological approaches are made, and the potential of the various methods is : Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

The easiest method of plant genetic modification (see Operational Definitions in Chapter 1), used by our nomadic ancestors and continuing today, is simple is, a genetically heterogeneous population of plants is inspected, and “superior” individuals—plants with the most desired traits, such as improved palatability and yield—are selected for continued propagation.

The plant genomics provides a platform for analyzing and understanding the genetic and molecular basis of all biological processes in plants that are relevant to the species.

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2 nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and Cited by: Leading scientists from throughout the world discussed challenging problems and presented new insights into the devel­ opment of in vitro culture systems, techniques for DNA analysis and manipulation, gene vector systems, and experimental systems that will lead to a clearer understanding of gene expression and regulation for woody plant species.

The Book Has Been Carefully Planned For The Requirement Of Students Of Botany Or Agricultural Botany And Also To The Plant Breeders. The Book Covers Ugc Syllabus In A Detailed Manner. The First Part Of The Book Deals With Genetics, Starting With Mendelian Experiments And Principles. The Subsequent Chapters Like Multiple Allelism, Multiple Factor Hypothesis, Linkage, Sex Chromosomes, Reviews: 1.

Plant biotechnology Breeding for improved plant cultivars is based on two principles: genetic variation and selection. The process is extremely labourious and time consuming with high inputs of intellec-tual and manual work. (See box.) However, the development of plant cell and tissue culture over the last 20 years has made it possible to transferFile Size: KB.

Author by: MAHABAL RAM Languange: en Publisher by: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. Format Available: PDF, ePub, Mobi Total Read: 24 Total Download: File Size: 47,8 Mb Description: This comprehensive book provides a detailed account of the plant breeding methodology, covering particularly pre- and post-Green Revolution elaborates on plant breeding and gene manipulation, utilization.

The book Molecular Plant Breeding attempts to present the complete picture of plant breeding ranging from the classical to the molecular approaches applied to crop improvement.

The book is divided into four sections: Classical Plant Breeding, Transgenic technology, Molecular Markers, and Miscellaneous. The subject of plant breeding is fully covered in this book which has arisen from courses on this subject taught at the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute.

Assessment of Variation Biometrical genetics in breeding Biochemical characterization of populations --Five Manipulation of Genetic Systems Self- and cross-incompatibility. Genetic engineering, also called Genetic modification or Genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel DNA is obtained by either isolating and copying the genetic.

The first was the idea that they could “interfere” with the genetic process. That is, breeders could, for example, treat seeds with mutagens (chemicals) or radiation to intentionally mutate genes. Mutations occur naturally and they have been a source of both good and bad genes.

They were always the wild card in all the breeding taking : J.M. Regenstein. Plant Breeding and Gene Manipulation. Plant Breeding History. Plant Domestication, Introduction and Acclimatization. Pattern of Evolution of Crop Plants and Centre of Origin. Plant Genetic Resources. Mode of Reproduction in Crop Plants.

Genetic Basis of Plant Breeding. Genetics Consequences of Self- and Cross-fertilization. Mating Systems and Author: Ram M. Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using certain biotechnology techniques that have only existed since the s. Human directed genetic manipulation was occurring much earlier, beginning with the domestication of plants and animals through artificial dog is believed to be the first animal domesticated, possibly arising from a common ancestor.

Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals.

Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging from simply selecting plants with desirable characteristics for propagation, to methods that make use of knowledge of.

oping post-graduate course in Genetics and Plant Breeding, emphasis has been given to keep a balance among major components like basic genetics, cytogenetics, plant breeding, quantitative genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology.

The courses in genetics include principles of genetics, gene regulation and genetic control of plant File Size: KB. Grow, maintain, and propagate specific plant materials in a sterile environment 7. Describe plant genome organization and the mechanisms of gene expression in plants 8.

Be able to solve simple genetics problems 9. Know how crop yields and quality can be enhanced using genetic manipulation File Size: 2MB. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS SOILS, PLANT GROWTH AND CROP PRODUCTION - Vol.

I - Plant Breeding and Genetics - M. Arterburn, S. Jones and K. Kidwell ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Transfer of genetic material between disparate species was aided by File Size: KB.

Aims and objectives of Plant Breeding Plant breeding is an art and science, which tells us ways and means to change the genetic architecture of plants so as to attain a particular objective. Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging File Size: 6MB.

This chapter explores the likelihood of unintended effects from diverse methods of genetic modification of plants and animals (see Operational Definitions in Chapter 1).Specifically, it discusses unexpected outcomes of breeding methods used to develop a food crop or strain and unexpected or unintended effects recorded in the scientific literature.

Schildkraut, in Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genetic engineering is the manipulation of genetic material by either molecular biological techniques or by selective breeding.

While selective breeding has been practiced for thousands of years (domestication of the dog; farming corn; brewer's yeast) the manipulation of genetic material in vitro was developed in the s.

Chromosome manipulation and polyploidy. Somatic hybridization. Gene cloning and identification. Gene transfer to plants: approaches and available techniques. The role of gene technology in plant breeding. Assessment of variation. Biometrical genetics in breeding.

Biochemical characterization of populations. Manipulation of genetic systems. Self Price: $. As discussed elsewhere in the book, plant breeding programs have experienced a slight decline in graduates in recent past.

Because of the increasing role of biotechnology in plant genetic manipulation, graduates who combine skills and knowledge in both conventional and molecular technologies are in .Contents 1.

Maria Isabel Andrade: Sweetpotato Breeder, Technology Transfer Specialist, and Advocate 1 2.

Download The Manipulation of genetic systems in plant breeding PDF

Development of Cold Climate Grapes in the Upper Midwestern U.S.: The Pioneering Work of Elmer Swenson 31 3. Candidate Genes to Extend Fleshy Fruit Shelf Life 61 4. Breeding Naked Barley for Food, Feed, and Malt 95 5. The Foundations, Continuing Evolution, and Outcomes from the Application Author: Irwin Goldman.

1 Cytogenetics in Genetics and Plant Breeding.- Cytogenetics as a Subdiscipline of Genetics.- The Two Functions of the Genetic Material.- Cytogenetics Defined.- Cytogenetics in Plant Breeding.- 2 Chromosome Composition, Structure and Morphology.- DNA.- The Chemical Basis.- Heterogeneity of DNA; Unique and Repetitive DNA.- .