Measurement of pavement thickness by rapid and nondestructive methods

  • 82 Pages
  • 1.84 MB
  • English
Highway Research Board, National Research Council , [Washington]
Pavements -- Tes
Statement[by] S. D. Howkins.
SeriesNational Cooperative Highway Research Program. Report ;, 52, NAS-NRC publication 1586., Report (National Cooperative Highway Research Program) ;, 52., Publication (National Research Council (U.S.)) ;, no. 1586.
ContributionsAmerican Association of State Highway Officials., United States. Bureau of Public Roads.
LC ClassificationsTE7 .N25 no. 52
The Physical Object
Pagination82 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5634452M
LC Control Number68061428

Rapid measurement of concrete pavement thickness and reinforcement location field evaluation of nondestructive systems w.

Details Measurement of pavement thickness by rapid and nondestructive methods EPUB

weber, jr., r. grey, and p. cady pennsylvania department of transportation harrisburg, pennsylvania research sponsored by the american association of state highway and transportation officials in cooperation. PAVEMENT THICKNESS Life of pavement is significantly influenced by Pavement Thickness.

Pavement Thickness measurement is an important QA activity for agencies. CURRENT METHODS TO MEASURE PAVEMENT THICKNESS Probing (Quality Control).

Download Measurement of pavement thickness by rapid and nondestructive methods PDF

Coring (Most Prevalent) (Acceptance). - AASHTO T / ASTM C - Typical Frequency - One Core per This test method covers the indirect measurement of the pavement thickness to provide a rapid, nondestructive result. The method is used to determine the compliance of asphalt or concrete pavement construction with the thickness specifications.

The nondestructive thickness results for concrete pavements have shown excellent correlation (R 2 values of %) with direct measurement. the subsurface reflected wave. By processing the received signals, the thickness of the pavement can be obtained. The developed radar was able to measure the concrete pavement with a thickness up to inches without steel rebars, but the measured data.

Current coring methods are time consuming and provide a very limited representation of the overall pavement structure. The objective of the work described in this paper has been to demonstrate the use of non-destructive evaluation (NDE) methods for rapidly determining the average pavement thickness on a newly constructed section to within   The ERDC performed field evaluations of nondestructive testing devices to measure pavement thickness.

The main measure of error, defined as the absolute difference between the device-measured thickness and actual core thickness. Nondestructive testing provides ideal means to test pavement structure in a rapid and convenient manner. In last few years, significant development has taken place in this field.

This paper, presents some of the major conventional as well as emerging nondestructive evaluation methods for in situ structural assessment of asphalt pavements. Journals & Books; Help Download PDF Download PDF Download. Advanced. NDT & E International. Vol JunePages in situ measurement of pavement thickness and dielectric permittivity by GPR using an antenna array method can greatly improve the accuracy of the velocity and thickness estimations when compared with the.

D = total thickness of pavement layers (inches) E P = effective pavement modulus (psi), and. M R = backcalculated subgrade resilient modulus.

For “thin” pavements (such as Section A, Figure 3), a e ≈ 15 in.; “medium” to “thick” pavements (Sections B and C, Figure 3), a e ≈ 26 to 33 in.

Rapid nondestructive evaluation of pavements is needed to help maintain highways and airport runways. A review of current techniques for measuring pavement profile, texture, and deflection under load is conducted. Rapid evaluation of these parameters is needed, due to the high cost of closing highways and runways.

Get this from a library. Rapid measurement of concrete pavement thickness and reinforcement location: field evaluation of nondestructive systems.

[William G Weber; Richard L Grey; P D Cady] -- This report documents and presents the results of a study that evaluated currently available nondestructive testing systems that appeared to have potential for supplementing or replacing.

Scheduling is arranged through the Pavement Evaluation office (Pavement Preservation, MNT) at () For the longitudinal direction, the profiler uses a combination of two lasers, two accelerometers, and a distance signal to measure the inertial profile of each wheel path.

Enhanced Resonance Search (ERS) Method. The thickness of the asphalt layer was determined using the ERS method. This method is a combination of the SASW and resonance method, whereby SASW determines the shear wave velocity profile and the thickness of the asphalt is determined using a resonance search [5, 6].Due to the inadequacy of measuring the pavement layer thickness by.

Description Measurement of pavement thickness by rapid and nondestructive methods PDF

The ability to do more pavement testing using nondestructive methods can simplify the process and make some data collection more routine. Nondestructive testing devices are particularly useful for assessing variability in the pavement that may indicate areas of weakness, and for measuring whether the load-bearing capacity of the pavement is.

Therefore, it is desirable to have a thickness measuring method which is quick, non-destructive, and which can generate a representative population of pavement thickness data points.

Based on a pay factor analysis (1), the accuracy for the average pavement thickness should be within mm. This test method covers the equipment, field procedures, and interpretation of the results for the pavement thickness measurements produced by a magnetic pulse induction (MPI) device.

Magnetic pulse induction devices induce a weak-pulsed magnetic field that causes the induction of eddy currents in metal objects disturbing the field. Nondestructive testing provides ideal means to test pavement structure in a rapid and convenient manner.

or non-destructive methods, of pavement structure thickness measurements. 4 PAVEMENT ASSESSMENT AND DESIGN METHODOLOGIES USED FOR THE REHABILITATION OF URBAN PAVEMENTS IN THE CITY OF CALGARY, ALBERTA Table 1. PQI Trigger Points Roadway Classification PQI Trigger Point Arterial Collector Industrial Local The pavement condition assessment for sections that reach the PQI trigger point and selected for.

Enhanced resonance search (ERS) is a nondestructive testing method that has been created to evaluate the quality of a pavement by means of a special instrument called the pavement integrity scanner (PiScanner).

This technique can be used to assess the thickness of the road pavement structure and the profile of shear wave velocity by using the principle of surface wave and body wave. AASHTO Pavement Thickness Design Guide When designing pavement thickness for flexible and rigid pavements, the following considerations should be used.

Performance criteria (serviceability indexes). Condition of pavements are rated with a present. Increasingly, non-destructive testing methods are being applied to assess pavement system conditions.

According to the mechanistic empirical pavement design guide,[1] ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys of existing pavements is a key assessment method for pavement rehabilitation design. Although primarily used for thickness determination, GPR. In addition, for pavements with bituminous surfaces at least in.

thick, in-pavement temperature measurements should be made at the beginning and end of each survey, at a minimum. Longer surveys or surveys made on days where rapid temperature changes occur will require temperature checks at additional intermediate locations.

In determining deformation modulus of pavement structure the static and dynamic non-destructive methods are worldwide used, however, in many countries, when designing and building pavement. earth-resistivity tests applied as a rapid, nondestructive procedure for determining thickness of concrete pavements.

the electrical resistivity tests have been adapted to determine the thickness of concrete pavements. the test involves measuring the resistance to the passage of an electric current through the selected medium. ultrasonic readings of pavement thickness and distress in the time it takes to cut and pull a single concrete core.

Researchers demonstrated the significant advantages of a new nondestructive ultrasonic test method for measuring pavement thickness as compared to the traditional coring method. The new method shows promise for correlating thickness.

Core extraction is the most common method for measuring concrete layer thickness in pavement construction. Although this method provides a very accurate thickness measurement, it is destructive, time-consuming, and does not provide adequate representation of the concrete layer thickness variability.

Pavement layer thickness data required for network and project level pavement management is often not available due to the cost, time, and traffic disruption involved in taking cores. A non-destructive, non-contact method for thickness measurement is available and can be implemented from a survey vehicle moving at highway speed.

This note reviews the practical difficulties and errors occurring in the methods employed in determining the thickness of concrete pavements by non-destructive methods based on the propagation of sound waves in the pavement. Most of the methods give errors in the determination of the thickness of imperfectly compacted slabs when a variation of.

lated or inferred from the NDT measurements, method used to distinguish between different design sections, relationships that are used to convert NDT measure­ ments to design parameters, relationships that relate design parameters to the useful life of the pavement, and the NDT.

method nondestructive measurement of the thickness of concrete slabs in new pavements. The accuracy of such thickness measurements would, of course, depend on the accuracy with whichfb at each inspection location could be measured and the accuracy with which Cp the same location was known.

As shall be shown, the former can optimized to. Fusing multiple structural nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques and deploying efficient data collections methods, spillway owners can receive a detailed and complete mapping of both the integrity of the spillway structure itself and the geophysical conditions below the spillway.pavement distress survey, materials sampling, and layer thickness information, to determine the pavement layer moduli, and other parameters of both rigid and flexible pavements.

FWD testing in NYSDOT is currently limited to the following activities:! Deflection survey of 50 statewide sites as a part of pavement performance monitoring program.Providing a safe and non-destructive method of subsurface investigations, ground-penetrating radar (GPR) has been used since the s to measure the thickness of pavement layers (Loulizi et al., ).

The past two decades have witnessed a tremendous increase in the use of GPR technology that has several major advantages.